National Science Foundation, Grant No. SES-1559273, $290,716, March 1, 2016 through February 28, 2019 (Role: PI)


Set and Forget? The Evolution of Business Law in the Ottoman Empire and Turkey [with Seven Ağır], Business History Review (2021), doi:10.1017/S000768052000094X

Partnership as Experimentation [with Timothy W. Guinnane],  Journal of Law, Economics, & Organization 35, no. 3 (2019): 455-488, doi:10.1093/jleo/ewz007

Religious Minorities and Firm Ownership in Early Twentieth‐Century Egypt, Economic History Review 72, no. 3 (2019): 979-1007, doi:10.1111/ehr.12769

The Wealth Tax of 1942 and the Disappearance of Non-Muslim Enterprises in Turkey [with Seven Ağır], Journal of Economic History 79, no. 1 (2019): 201-243. doi:10.1017/S0022050718000724

The Price of Legal Institutions: The Beratlı Merchants in the Eighteenth-Century Ottoman Empire, Journal of Economic History 75, no. 3 (2015): 720-748. doi:10.1017/S0022050715001059.

Working Papers

The Demand for Extraterritoriality: Religious Minorities in Nineteenth-Century Egypt, CEPR DP16431 (August 2021) [with Mohamed Saleh]

Legal Origins of Corporate Governance: Choice of Law in Egypt, 1887–1913 (May 2021) [available upon request]

The Impact of Business Cycle Conditions on Firm Dynamics and Composition (March 2021) [Revision requested at the Journal of Economic History]

Political Connections and Corporate Performance in Egypt, 1890–1952 (April 2021) [with Mohamed Saleh]

Legal Pluralism, Contracts, and Trade in the Ottoman Empire (September 2019)
Mentions: Marginal Revolution

Works in Progress

Incorporation, governance structures, and interlocking directorates in Egypt, 1882–1950

Ownership, Control, and Limited Liability: A Historical Perspective (with Amanda G. Gregg)