National Science Foundation, Grant No. SES-1559273, $290,716, March 1, 2016 through February 28, 2019 (Role: PI)


The Wealth Tax of 1942 and the Disappearance of Non-Muslim Enterprises in Turkey [with Seven Ağır], Journal of Economic History (forthcoming)

Religious Minorities and Firm Ownership in Early Twentieth‐Century Egypt, Economic History Review (forthcoming), doi:10.1111/ehr.12769

The Price of Legal Institutions: The Beratlı Merchants in the Eighteenth-Century Ottoman Empire, Journal of Economic History 75, no. 3 (2015): 720–48. doi:10.1017/S0022050715001059.

Working Papers

Partnership as Experimentation: Business Organization and Survival in Egypt, 1910-1949 (October 2018) [under review], with Timothy W. Guinnane

The Impact of Business Cycle Conditions on Firm Dynamics and Composition: Enterprise Entry and Exit in Egypt, 1911-48 (September 2018) [under review]

Legal Pluralism, Contracts, and Trade in the Ottoman Empire (August 2017)
Mentions: Marginal Revolution

Legal Origins of Corporate Governance: Choice of Law in Egypt, 1887-1913 (July 2018) [available upon request]

Legal Change and Business Organization in the Ottoman Empire and Turkey since 1850 (June 2018), with Seven Ağır [available upon request]

Works in Progress

Incorporation, governance structures, and interlocking directorates in Egypt, 1904-50

Non-Muslim Minorities and Protégé Status in Nineteenth-Century Egypt (with Mohamed Saleh)

Political connections, corporate governance, and firm performance in Interwar Egypt (with Mohamed Saleh)

Organization of Multi-Owner Firms in Nineteenth-Century Paris (with Jean-Laurent Rosenthal)

Ownership, Control, and Limited Liability: A Historical Perspective (with Amanda G. Gregg)